Deception in online dating profiles
If people expected most conversations to be untruthful, talking and communicating with others would require distraction and misdirection to acquire reliable information.A significant amount of deception occurs between some romantic and relational partners.Some research has found that there are some cues that may be correlated with deceptive communication, but scholars frequently disagree about the effectiveness of many of these cues to serve as reliable indicators.Noted deception scholar Aldert Vrij even states that there is no nonverbal behavior that is uniquely associated with deception.Another cue for detecting deceptive speech is the tone of the speech itself.
While it is difficult to deceive a partner over a long period of time, deception often occurs in day-to-day conversations between relational partners.
Deception and its detection is a complex, fluid, and cognitive process that is based on the context of the message exchange.
The interpersonal deception theory posits that interpersonal deception is a dynamic, iterative process of mutual influence between a sender, who manipulates information to depart from the truth, and a receiver, who attempts to establish the validity of the message.
Vrij found that examining a "cluster" of these cues was a significantly more reliable indicator of deception than examining a single cue.
Lying requires deliberate conscious behavior, so listening to speech and watching body language are important factors in detecting lies.